Climbers to Mount Gede Pangrango. Photo: Yanuarius Viodeogo.
JAKARTA — Almost 1 hour I was treated to a beautiful view of climbing Mount Gede Pangrango National Park (TNGGP) from Sarongge Tourist Village.
The cool and fresh air accompanied my journey among downstream farmers riding pick ups and motors transporting the crops of strowberries, chilies, tomatoes, cabbage, carrots and tea gardens.
In Saung Sarongge, a woman named Surinten is busy serving buyers who are interested in soap made from lemongrass made by her, Friday afternoon (6/20/2014).
One by one soap that is valued at Rp15,000 was changed hands as a hand from Sarongge Village, Ciputri Village, Pacet District, Cianjur Regency, West Java Province.
To me, he recounted the activity he had been doing since April last year. From his skill in making soap from plants for the seasoning of the cuisine, now he has additional income apart from gardening in the land around his house.
The story, according to him, is much better before together with 150 other sarongge villagers, should the cats avoid the pursuit of gunung Gede Pangrango National Park officers.
Concerns surrounded residents in the 1980s and 1990s. They were not calm and free to grow vegetables under the foot of the mountain.
Inten for example grows carrots, cabbage, leeks and other vegetables in the TNGGP area. In addition to gardening, there are also other farmers who cut down trees that are over 100 years old.
Whereas PT Perhutani issued a regulation strictly prohibiting residents from doing activities in the location of the former production forest. Unfortunately, the New Order government at that time only prohibited without providing alternative jobs for farmers.
Fresh wind emerged post-reform. The Ministry of Forestry through Mount Gede Pangrango National Park in West Java loosened the regulations, which is to incentivize farmers to allow gardening and breeding on condition that it is only under the foot of the mountain.
Dialogist approach put forward. In essence, Mount Gede Pangrango must be maintained. Do not cut down trees, pick flowers in bloom only and brought down imposed sanctions and fines.
The impact is now felt by Inten and sarongge residents. Luck overshadowed their lives since TNGGP opened a tree adoption program in the region.
Praksara Indonesia Foundation and Green Radio in collaboration with TNGGP, in 2003 sarongge community was invited to re-plant trees replacing trees that were cut down several years ago. With a tree record must also be guarded and should not be cut down again.
The tree adoption program was a break from 2008 until now. The last tree adoption was in 2013 when President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono visited TNGG.
From the adoption of trees, currently the number of trees in Mount Gede Pangrango National Park is an example of the natural conservation site.
After that, the tree adoption program was replaced by empowering sarongge villagers' groups and individuals. The area of 38 ha in TNGGP that was once penetrated is now occupied by farmers and has 22,000 trees.
Prakarsa Syarif Abdul Karim Foundation representative said the community no longer depended on work by exploring the forest in TNGGP. Sarongge people who penetrated the forest of 150 people used to have an alternative income.
"We hope sarongge is used as a tourist village so that people can be independent. In September this year will be held for the second time Sarongge festival," said Syarif.
The benefits of tree adoption are now felt by the residents around TNGGP. From the hydrological and biodiversity aspects, people abound in springs.
In terms of community empowerment in addition to being a garden farmer there are now 45 people have rabbit livestock with independent businesses.
"Members of rabbit breeders have cooperatives. They can exchange groceries for rabbits. From rabbit cattle now grow 125 units of medium cooperatives (SMEs)."
Head of TNGGP Regional Management Section II Aden Mahyara said not all areas should be used by farmers. Permenhut No P56/Menhut-II/2006 divides TNGGP into core zones, jungle zones, utilization zones, traditional zones, rehabilitation zones and relifi zones.
"TNGGP which covers three districts namely Cianjur Regency, Bogor Regency, and Sukabumi Regency serves to store and release carbon with a total area of 22,851,030 ha," said Aden.
Forests that can be produced merunut SK 1974 and as education and research. Based on the Ministry of Forestry No. 174/Kpts-II 2003, it was announced that the cibodas biosphere reserve covers an area of 114,779 ha with a core zone of 9,612,592 ha of special premier trees protected by a buffer area of 66 villages.
"The management objectives are the preservation of habitat integrity and exosystems, the sustainability of plants and animals, hydrological and environmental functions, the benefits of environmental services such as water, carbon, biodiversity and providing tourism benefits."
He explained the round of money from Mount Gede is very high. From the source of water from Mount Gede has an economic value of Rp12 trillion, carbon uptake reaches Rp200 billion and from the ecotourism sector reaches Rp386 million.
TNGGP, said Aden, actually plays a role in monitoring TNGGP to be sustainable so that urban communities get oxygen. "We also pay attention to empowering the economy of the community."
Economic empowerment is for example Inten. In a day he can produce 100 seeds of lemongrass soap bars.
Total soap makers from lemongrass in Sarongge Village are able to produce 1,000 packs of soap. Until April 2014 it has sold 250 pcs of lemongrass bar soap.
The success of other community empowerment there are now 800 goats, 1,500 rabbit sapleds with a target of 2,000 heads this year, 850 polybag strowbery by mothers and mushroom cultivation that has reached 6,000 logs conducted by the people of Sarongge Tourism Village itself. (Indonesian Business)